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 400,000+ annual visits & 6 million hits to 180  webpages & 3000 photos.  News and Information at the bottom of this and every web page.

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Memorials, Monuments and Plaques bearing the Combined Operations Insignia or having a strong association with Combined Operations. We honour the memory and celebrate the achievements of those who served under the Combined Operations Command in WW2 by listing here all forms of public recognition anywhere in the world. Combined Operations was much more than a single event and it's likely that individual Commando raids and landings, technological achievements, bases, training centres and so on have been recognised over the years by the erection of memorials, monuments or plaques.

Future generations may wish to trace the wartime service of their loved ones and to remember them in these special places. E-mail your nominations providing information similar to that below. Photographs will be displayed if provided.

Scotland England France Holland Canada

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Subject. Combined Operations Command Memorial.

Location. National Memorial Arboretum, Alrewas, Staffordshire, England. 

Other Information. On Thursday, July 4th 2013, in the presence of Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire , Mr Ian Dudson CBE and 200 guests, the Combined Operations Command Memorial was unveiled by General Sir Richard Barrons KCB CBE ADC Gen, Commander of the Joint Forces Command. 25 WW2 Veterans also attended.



Subject. Commando Memorial.

Location. Spean Bridge, about 10 miles NE of Fort William on the A82 to Inverness. 

Other Information. Commandos of many nationalities did much of their training in the surrounding hills and at nearby Achnacarry. The monument was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in 1953.


Subject. Commando/Lochaber Commemorative Stone.  

Location. Near Fort William town centre on the Parade close to the War Memorial.

Other Information. The unveiling of a commemorative stone took place on Saturday 13 November 2010. It celebrates the friendship that the people of Lochaber and the Commandos have shared since early 1940. Erected by the Commando Veterans Association. [Photos courtesy of Martin Briscoe.]

Subject. HMS Quebec a RN base situated amidst the No 1 Combined Training Centre training beaches and camps.

Location. A few miles south of Inveraray, Scotland on the A83. Turn into the Argyll Caravan Site.

Other Information. Plaque is fixed to the door of a WW2 building (opposite) which now serves as the caravan site reception office.

Subject. The deaths of two hurricane pilots while taking part in a combined training exercise.

Location. Ardnamurchan Peninsula, Scotland (see map). A long walk over rough terrain is involved.

Other Information. Erected and consecrated in 1995 at the instigation of Phillip Jones. More information on this site at 516 Combined Operations Squadron

Subject. RN (Beach) Commandos.

Location. The memorial plaques on the left are situated in Ardentinny Church on Loch Long in Scotland close to where the RN Commandos training base at HMS Armadillo was located.

Other Information. The primary task of the RN Commandos was to control the movement of men, vehicles and supplies through the landing beaches during major amphibious landings. The avoidance of bottlenecks and delays gave them a pivotal role in the supply chain. More information at http://www.combinedops.com/RN%20Commando.htm

Subject. RN (Beach) Commandos.

Location. The memorial cairn is near the village of Ardentinny on the shore of Loch Long in Scotland where the RN Commandos training base at HMS Armadillo was located. [Photo 1st right].

Other Information. On the 15th of February 2001, Ken Oakley, Chairman of the RN Commando Association, wrote to Tommy Hamilton "Ted Hinchcliffe made the memorial stone (crossed the bar Jan 01). He was very proud of making it out of Yorkshire stone". In the same letter, Ken asked Tommy if he would paint in the letters, which he did. His son, David, subsequently refreshed the lettering.

The memorial stone was originally placed outside the front door of the old Forestry Commission (FC) office. When the building was demolished, Ian Adams of the FC, moved the stone to a safe location about 30 metres away. The cairn, seen in the photos above, was built by FC workers Stephen Cooper and Ben Blowers in time for Remembrance Sunday, 2013.

The people of Ardentinny have always kept the area around the memorial stone tidy. Flowers, and bulbs in pots, are often placed near the stone as an act of remembrance. [Photos courtesy of Tony Rodaway.]

Subject. The Cockleshell Heroes (Operation Frankton).

Location. On the shore of the Holy Loch in the village of Ardnadam. Shortest route from the south is via the ferry from Gourock to Dunoon.

Other Information. The Royal Marine Boom Patrol was the misleading name given to a small group of highly trained Royal Marines who used small collapsible canvas craft for clandestine operations against the enemy. http://www.combinedops.com/Cockleshell%20Heroes.htm    [Photos courtesy of Tony Rodaway.]

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Subject. RN Commandos. No.3 R.N. Commandos were billeted in the town of Hythe prior to embarkation for Normandy from Hythe Pier.

Location. The Memorial Stone is situated in a small park close to Hythe Pier.

Other Information. The stone was erected by the town's folk to commemorate the event.

Subject. Naval Commandos. COMBINED OPERATIONS. British and allied naval commando units sailed from the Hamble River on the night of 5th June 1944 for the D-Day landings on the Normandy Beaches. 

Location. Memorial to the D-Day Landings, Warsash Pier, Warsash, Hampshire

Other Information.  This memorial was unveiled by Countess Mountbatten 5th June 1984 during  the 40th Anniversary Commemoration.

Subject. Mulberry Harbours.

Location. Conwy, North Wales. Follow signs for the marina. The plaque is situated in the council car park next to Conwy Marina.

Other Information. Read the full story about the design, testing, development and manufacture of the Mulberry Harbours and of the key role of a local boy cum civil engineer.

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Subject. Operation Tiger. The disastrous USA amphibious landing training exercise in Lyme Bay involving the loss of 749 men.

Location. Slapton Sands on the A 379 about 10 miles south of Brixham..

Other Information. See Operation Tiger on this website.

Subject. Officers and men of 46 Royal Marine Commando whose HQ was in the Upper Chine School prior to the Normandy landings.

Location. In the wall of Church Rd A3055 and Priory Rd in Shanklin on the Isle of Wight. It is situated just through the old Village.

Other Information. The building was used throughout the war and at one stage was the HQ of No.2 Commando... it was demolished in 2002. Also in Shanklin Chine there is a cafe with lots of photographs of the commandos training in the area. It is well worth a look. See also bottom of  PLUTO.page.

Photo processed to improve clarity of inscription.

Subject. Royal Canadian Army Service Corps.

Location. The New Forest close by the town of Southsea.

Other Information. The site was occupied by the Corp prior to the D-Day landings.

Subject. Royal Navy Servicemen (Walcheren).

Location. St Michael's Church, Blandford Road, Hamworthy, Near Poole.

Other Information. As a Petty Officer on LCH 269 (Commander Sellar's ship) for the Walcheren Operation, Basil Woolf recalls that on return to Poole the ship's company decided to make a collection for a temporary Lych gate in a church. Years later more money was obtained, and a permanent Lych gate was installed on July 5th 1952. It was unveiled by the Bishop of Salisbury. Attending, among survivors, were Admiral of the Fleet Sir Phillip Vian, Commander Sellar, and a representative of the Dutch Embassy.

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Subject. LST & Landing Craft Association memorial.

Location. The National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire.

Other Information.

  North East (of England) War Memorials Project helps the general public, local history groups and schools to learn about and research their neighbourhood war memorials. Their aim is to record every war memorial between the rivers Tweed and Tees.  

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Subject. No 3 Commando Memorial.

Location. Le Plain / Amfréville.

Other Information. 3 Commando liberated the town on June 6th 1944. The memorial remembers those who died in the action. [Google Earth 'Amfreville, France'. 49 14 55 81 N 0 14 08 64 W].

Subject. The Operation Frankton Memorial to the Cockleshell Heroes. More information here.

Location. Le Verdon, France.

Other Information. Taken after the dedication ceremony on 31/03/11, courtesy of Eric Lincontang.

Subject. No 6 Commando.

Location. Amfreville - in the town centre near the church.

Other Information. Photos provided by Bern & Fay Robins.

Subject. 45 Commando who were killed on the 6th - 8th June 1944 at Merville Franceville.

Location. Next to the Mairie at the roundabout up to Merville Battery, junction of Route de Cabourg (D514) and Avenue Alexander de Lavergne.

Other Information. Michael Partington writes; My dad is Graham Partington, temp Lt, ex B Troop 45 RM Commando, 1944-47. He was with No1 Special Service Brigade on D Day and was with 45 when they crossed the Rhine at Wesel in 45. I recently visited the memorial and placed a wreath on behalf of my dad. The memorial is beautifully kept but it does not seem well visited. A wreath, laid over 12 months earlier, was still in position. It may just be that it is not well known.

Subject. The RM Commando.

Location.  at Sannerville a few miles east of Caen.

Other Information. The mason was Auvray Djonny and the Architect Marcel Conti.

Subject. Operation Chariot - the raid on the dry dock at St Nazaire.

Location. St Nazaire, France. The memorial and the 12 pounder gun taken from HMS Campbeltown, are situated side by side at Place du Commando which is at the eastern end of Boulevard President Wilson.

Other Information. The inscription below the gun reads 'Canon du destroyer Cambeltown qui percuta le caisson sud de la forme joubert Commando Anglais du 28 Mars 1942.' Click here for more information on Operation Chariot. Photos courtesy of Graham Francis.

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Subject. Crews of Landing Craft and Landing Ships who died in action off Normandy.

Location. Arromanches, Normandy, France.

Other Information. Photo courtesy of Andrew Bystram.

Subject. No 3 Commando action at Merville Battery.

Location. In Normandy near the village of Merville-Franceville on the D514.

Other Information. During the early hours of D-Day, 6th June 1944, the German Battery of 4 guns was seized by the 9th Parachute Battalion and the guns put out of action. On June 7 Nos 4 and 5 troops of No 3 Commando, under Major JBV Pooley, MC, on orders from the 6th Airborne Division, attached the strongpoint which had been reoccupied by the Germans. It was recaptured in a gallant action in which many casualties were suffered. The photos were taken at the laying ceremony on the 61st Anniversary of the action. (Photos taken by Bern and Fay Robins).

Subject. Commando Action in the area of Le Plain Gruchet.

Location. Goustranville, near the Auge Hills between the N175 and D27 Roads.

Other Information. The action involved the British 1st Special Services Brigade (No 3, 4, 6 Commando, 45 RM Commando and the 1st Battalion of the French Marine Brigade. (Photos courtesy of Bern and Fay Robins).

Subject. US 1st Engineer Special Brigade. The inscription reads; In proud memory of our dead. 1st Engineer Special Brigade. H Hour 6.30 hr D Day 6th June 1944.

Location. It is known that some memorials were constructed during, or shortly after, WW2 as per this explanation by Charles B MacDonald, a former deputy chief historian at the US Army's Center of Military History. Soon after the end of the war, veterans of the 1st Engineer Special Brigade, which incurred the heaviest losses in Exercise Tiger, did just that, erecting a monument on Omaha Beach (now known to be Utah Beach - see below) to their dead, presumably to include those who died at Utah Beach and those who died in preparation for D-Day. One source indicates that the memorial was unveiled in June 1945.

Other Information. One visitor writes... My father was part of that unit. He camped near that spot on the beach. There's an interesting book called Storming Ashore, by Kenneth Garn (available on Amazon) about the 1st Engineers Special Brigade. The book notes that the monument was on the site of one of the first German machine gun pillboxes seized on Utah Beach on D-Day.

A number of years ago I visited Utah beach. And there it was. It was part of our family history to show children photographs taken when we were at Utah.

Subject.  US 5th Engineer Special Brigade.

Location. Omaha Beach in France.

Other Information. Tom Bryan writes from the USA; The photo is of the recently refurbished  monument. A few years ago the (British) Combined Ops/(American) Amphibious insignia was stolen, so this year a few members of our group, the 348th Family & Friends, had a new emblem made. They met in France a few days prior to the D Day ceremonies and installed the insignia and made some repairs to the monument.  An unveiling ceremony was held on June 5, which was attended by about 300. 


Subject. The action to take Pegasus Bridge.

Location. The Cafe Grandee near Pegasus Bridge.

Other Information. See text on the plaque. (Photos courtesy of Bern and Fay Robins).

Subject. No 3 Commando 1st Special Services Brigade.

Location. Petiville, France.

Other Information. Under the command of Lt Col Peter Young the brigade liberated Petiville on August 17th 1944. (Photos courtesy of Bern and Fay Robins).

Subject. The Royal Canadian Army Service Corp (RCASC) who served on D-Day and in the Battle of Normandy.

Location. The “BOLD” tank in the town square of Courseulles-sur-Mer, Normandy, France. (Juno Beach).

Other Information. This Sherman tank of the 1st Hussars nicknamed 'Bold' sunk on D-Day and was pulled from the water in 1971 (with the assistance of 4 Service Bt). It was restored and over the years bronze plaques have been added commemorating the Canadian units, regiments and corps which took part in the landing.The plaque was unveiled on 7 June, 2004,

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Subject. The landing of the 52nd Lowland Division on 1st Nov '44 against entrenched German defensive positions.

Location. 'Uncle Beach' Vlissingen, Walcheren Island, Scheldt Estuary, Holland.

Other Information. The heavily fortified island blocked the River Scheldt to Allied shipping and thereby to the newly captured Antwerp. Full story on this link; Walcheren

Subject. The landing of No 4 Commando Brigade*on 1st Nov '44 against entrenched German defensive positions.

Location. Westkapelle, Walcheren Island, Scheldt Estuary, Holland.

Other Information. The heavily fortified island blocked the River Scheldt to Allied shipping and thereby to the newly captured Antwerp. Full story on this link; Walcheren [* At the time of the action they were called No 4 Special Services Brigade being re-designated No 4 Commando a few weeks later.]

Subject. No 4 Commando.

Location. Flushing, Walcheren Island, Scheldt Estuary, Holland, near the Orange Mill (where they landed).

Other Information. The original plaque attached to the monument is not in place in this photo (left) but the text can be seen in the photo (right). Full story on this link; Walcheren.

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Subject. The site of WW2 Combined Operations Training.

Location. Courtenay, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. At Simms Millennium Park, in Courtenay, a large display board provides details the park, including a bit of history of the area associated with Combined Operations.

Other information. Initially, the training and provision of landing craft was a defensive measure, at a time when invasion of the Canadian west coast, by Japanese forces, was a distinct possibility. Later the emphasis turned to the European theatre of war.

The Canadian Navy base, known as Givenchy III, commissioned in late 1943, was located on The Spit (centre, in a bay in adjacent photo) and connected to the town of Comox (right foreground), on Vancouver Island. The town of Courtenay, a few km. away from Comox, can be seen in right background. [Photos courtesy of Gord Harrison].

Subject. The construction of top secret experimental "ice ships" in 1943.

Location. Patricia Lake, Jasper, Alberta, Canada. A few miles outside the town.

Other information. Plaque was erected by the National Research Council of Canada in 1989. More information on this site at Pykrete - Ice Ships.

Photo of inscription needed

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Close Up

Subject. The Royal Australian Navy Beach Commando.

Location. Cairns, Queensland.

Other Information. The Commando units were formed (literally) on the beaches just North of Cairns. They subsequently played out their part in the numerous amphibious operations throughout the latter stages of the Pacific Campaign. They were modelled on their RN counterparts and were very proud of their adopted motto: “First in, last out”. A small memorial and plaque are the only local reminder of the high drama played out here during those dark days. [Photos and text from Scott Derrington].


News & Information


Memorial Maintenance

We have a small band of volunteers who take turns to visit the memorial each month, particularly during the growing season, to undertake routine maintenance such as weeding keeping the stones and slabs clear of bird dropping, lichen etc. and reporting on any issues. If you live near the National Memorial Arboretum and would like to find out more, please contact us.

Remember a Veteran

You can pay a personal tribute to veterans who served in, or alongside, the Combined Operations Command in WW2 by adding their details and optional photo to our Roll of Honour and They Also Served pages on this website.

Read the Combined Operations prayer.

Forthcoming Events

To organisers: Reach the people who will be interested to know about your Combined Operations or war related event by adding it to our forthcoming events page free of charge.

To everyone else; Visit our forthcoming events page for things to see and places to visit. If you know of an event of possible interest, that is not listed, please let us know.

To notify an event click here.

To visit the webpage click here.


Why not join the thousands who visit our Facebook page about the Combined Operations Command in appreciation of our WW2 veterans.

See the 'slide shows' of the dedication ceremony and the construction of the memorial plus the 'On this day in 194?' feature where major Combined Ops events are highlighted on their anniversary dates with links to additional information.

You are welcome to add information, photos and comment or reply to messages posted by others.

Find Books of Interest 

Search for Books direct from our Books page. Don't have the name of a book in mind? Just type in a keyword to get a list of possibilities... and if you want to purchase you can do so on line through the Advanced Book Exchange (ABE). 5% commission goes into the memorial fund.

WW2 Combined Operations Handbook

This handbook was prepared for Combined Operations in the Far East. It illustrates the depth and complexity of the planning process necessary to ensure that the 3 services worked together as a unified force.

Restoration of Geoffrey Appleyard's  Memorial 

Click on the image if you'd like to contribute to the improvement of the memorial to Geoffrey Appleyard, DSO, MC and Bar, through the purchase of a limited edition print of a book about him. Geoffrey achieved so much in service with No 7 Commando, No 62 Commando, the Small Scale Raiding Force and the Second SAS Regiment. He was posted Missing in Action in July 1943, aged 26.


The Gazelle Helicopter Squadron Display Team

The Gazelle Squadron is a unique team of ex-British Military Gazelle helicopters in their original military colours and with their original military registrations. The core team includes four Gazelles, one from each service; The Royal Navy, The Royal Marines, The Army Air Corps and The Royal Air Force. A fifth Gazelle in Royal Marines colours will provide intimate support for the team. Their crest includes the Combined Operations badge. The last, and possibly, only time the badge was seen on an aircraft was in the early mid 40s. A photo of the Hurricane concerned is included in the 516 Squadron webpage.

Legasee Film Archive

As part of an exciting social history project, the film company Legasee is looking for veterans from any conflict who would like to have their stories filmed for posterity. Films are now available on line. www.legasee.org.uk

New to Combined Ops?

Visit Combined Operations Explained for an easy introduction to the subject.

About Us?

Background to the website and memorial project, and a look to the future; plus other small print stuff and website accounts etc. Click here for information.


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