WW2 land, sea and air forces of the Allied Nations planning, training and operating together as a unified force on amphibious raids and landings against the enemy.

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They Also Served


Contact Us

 Approaching 500k visits per year to 200  web pages & 3000 photos.  General information at the bottom of this and every web page.

Please show your appreciation for those who served the Allied cause in WW2 by 'liking' the Combined Ops Facebook page. Many thanks.



Researchers and Writers

Volunteers with an interest in WW2 history and access to a computer are invited to contact me for information about researching and writing pages.

WW2 Combined Operations is an immense subject of great interest to many people, worldwide. Around 400,000 visits are made to the website each year. There are many 'Combined Ops' stories worthy of adding to the website which are presently less accessible in books, public records, archives, personal papers and on various websites. To unlock these stories, within a reasonable time, is beyond our resources.

Some of the pages on the website started off as very brief accounts amounting to just a few hundred words. Subsequent comments and contributions from website visitors have seen some pages grow hugely in length and quality of content. The best example is PLUTO [Pipeline under the Ocean] which started life as a 300 word summary. It has been added to greatly since then and it has spawned two other pages -  'PLUTO Resurrected' and 'PLUTO Pipeline Manufacturing Machines,' both of which can be accessed from the PLUTO page.

There are around 180 pages on the website with room for at least another 50. The greatest contribution you can make is not, surprisingly, in writing the pages to the point of perfection... it's in researching, assembling the information into logical sequence and preparing a rough draft or even headings with related facts, information and opinion. We are also very happy to receive final drafts from those who wish to produce them.

Thank you for taking the time to read this appeal for help. If you'd like more information please don't hesitate to drop me a line without any obligation whatsoever.

Geoff Slee

 Pages to be added to the website

This is a list of the more obvious subjects which will be added to the website. Since the list is not comprehensive please get in touch if you know of something that should be added.

  •  Major Landings - 1943 Salerno, Italy (Avalanche); Jan 1944 Anzio, Italy  (Shingle); Aug 1944 South of France (Dragoon); Jan 1945 Arakan, Burma; May 1945 Rangoon, Burma (Dracula). Malay Coast Sep 1945 (Operation Zipper).

  •  Commando Actions - 3 Sep '43 Reggio, Italy; 11 Sep '43 Taranto Italy;  15 Aug '44 Anvil, France; 3 Jan '45 Akyab, Arakan Peninsula; 12 Jan '45  River Myebon, Arakon Peninsula;  21 Jan '45 Ramree, Arakan Peninsula; 22 Jan '45 Kangaw, Arakan Peninsula; 26 Jan '45 Cheduba, Arakan Peninsula; 16 Feb '45 Ruywa, Arakan Peninsula; Apr '45, Comacchio, Italy.

  •  Operation Agreement (Tobruk)

  •  Glossary of terms - definitions of ranks, units etc in the 3 services in WW2.

  •  Commando histories - Nos 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10 (Inter-Allied), 12,14, 30 and Royal Marine Commandos.

  •  Combined Operations HQ (COHQ).

  •  Brief biographies of the main players. From COHQ in 1942 Willets, Horan, Haydon, Robb, Wildman-Lushington and Ellis and others such as Hobart, Hughes Hallett etc to name but a few.

  •  Small Scale Raiding Force (SSRF). See brief account of the SSRF which is in need of expansion.

  •  Parachute Regiment.


News & Information


Memorial Maintenance

We have a small band of volunteers who take turns to visit the memorial each month, particularly during the growing season, to undertake routine maintenance such as weeding keeping the stones and slabs clear of bird dropping, lichen etc. and reporting on any issues. If you live near the National Memorial Arboretum and would like to find out more, please contact us.

Remember a Veteran

You can pay a personal tribute to veterans who served in, or alongside, the Combined Operations Command in WW2 by adding their details and optional photo to our Roll of Honour and They Also Served pages on this website.

Read the Combined Operations prayer.

Events and Places to Visit

To organisers: Reach the people who will be interested to know about your Combined Operations or war related event by adding it to our  webpage free of charge.

To everyone else: Visit our webpage for information on events and places to visit. If you know of an event or place of interest, that is not listed, please let us know.

To notify an event or place of interest, click here.

To visit the webpage click here.


Why not join the thousands who visit our Facebook page about the Combined Operations Command in appreciation of our WW2 veterans.

See the 'slide shows' of the dedication ceremony and the construction of the memorial plus the 'On this day in 194?' feature where major Combined Ops events are highlighted on their anniversary dates with links to additional information.

You are welcome to add information, photos and comment or reply to messages posted by others.

Find Books of Interest 

Search for Books direct from our Books page. Don't have the name of a book in mind? Just type in a keyword to get a list of possibilities... and if you want to purchase you can do so on line through the Advanced Book Exchange (ABE). 5% commission goes into the memorial fund.

WW2 Combined Operations Handbook

This handbook was prepared for Combined Operations in the Far East. It illustrates the depth and complexity of the planning process necessary to ensure that the 3 services worked together as a unified force.

Restoration of Geoffrey Appleyard's  Memorial 

Click on the image if you'd like to contribute to the improvement of the memorial to Geoffrey Appleyard, DSO, MC and Bar, through the purchase of a limited edition print of a book about him. Geoffrey achieved so much in service with No 7 Commando, No 62 Commando, the Small Scale Raiding Force and the Second SAS Regiment. He was posted Missing in Action in July 1943, aged 26.


The Gazelle Helicopter Squadron Display Team

The Gazelle Squadron is a unique team of ex-British Military Gazelle helicopters in their original military colours and with their original military registrations. The core team includes four Gazelles, one from each service; The Royal Navy, The Royal Marines, The Army Air Corps and The Royal Air Force. A fifth Gazelle in Royal Marines colours will provide intimate support for the team. Their crest includes the Combined Operations badge. The last, and possibly, only time the badge was seen on an aircraft was in the early mid 40s. A photo of the Hurricane concerned is included in the 516 Squadron webpage.

Legasee Film Archive

As part of an exciting social history project, the film company Legasee is looking for veterans from any conflict who would like to have their stories filmed for posterity. Films are now available on line. www.legasee.org.uk

New to Combined Ops?

Visit Combined Operations Explained for an easy introduction to the subject.

About Us?

Background to the website and memorial project, and a look to the future; plus other small print stuff and website accounts etc. Click here for information.


Print too small or large?

Easy solution when browsing. I) PC. To increase hold down Ctrl and shift and press +. To decrease hold down Ctrl and press -. 2) MAC. To increase Command + and to decrease Command -.


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