~ RAIDS AND LANDINGS ~
Index of Pages
Raids & Landings ranged from
"hit & run" attacks, designed to inflict damage on the German war machine
and to tie down German forces in areas that might otherwise be lightly
defended to major amphibious landings such as Italy and Normandy.
04 Jul 40
Operation Catapult aimed to secure the
immobilisation of a squadron of the French Naval Fleet to prevent it falling into German hands. Although not a Combined Operation this
naval action is included in this website because it provides useful background to British concerns about Vichy French military resources and foreign held
territories. These concerns subsequently resulted in
actions involving Combined Operations such as those in North Africa (Torch) and the Litani River.
Operation Claymore was the 1st Lofoten
Islands raid off the Norwegian coast just north of the Arctic Circle.
It achieved a good measure of destruction of German ships and fish
factory oil and it gave free passage to the UK to over 300 Norwegian
volunteers and a few Germans and Quislings. It was, however, most notable
for giving a great boost to flagging morale within the ranks of the
Commandos and later the country as news of the raid was made public. Land
forces - 3 & 4 Commandos. Sea Forces - HMS Queen Emma,
Princess Beatrix & 5 Destroyers.
20-21 Apr 41
land/naval raid took place at a time of rapid changes in the fortunes of war
- usually in favour of the Axis forces. The objective was to disrupt enemy
lines of communication and to inflict as much damage as possible to their
installations and equipment. Land Forces - A
Battalion (ex No 7 Commando). Sea Forces - HMS Glengyle,
a RN submarine and supporting gun ships.
09-10 Jun 41
[Land] C Battalion (ex 11 Commando).
14 Nov 41
[Land] Middle East Commando. L detachment, No 11 Commando
& G(R) Branch
26-27 Dec 41
2nd Raid (Anklet)
[Land} 12 Commando. [Sea] HMS Arethusa & 8
destroyers in support.
27 Dec 41
& 3 Commandos [Sea] HMS Prince Leopold & Prince Charles + HMS Kenya & 4 Destroyers. [Air] Bomber
Command & Coastal Command.
27 Feb 42
Bruneval, France. (Biting)
[Air] 1 Whitley Squadron. [Sea] Landing Craft &
28 Mar 42
Nazaire, France (Chariot)
[Land] Nos.1,2,3,4,5,9 & 10 Commandos. [Sea]
This brief account of Operation Ironclad, the invasion of
Madagascar, is taken from the viewpoint of a member of No 5 Commando.
Combined Operations Command was not the principal player in this operation
against the Vichy French regime - more of an assistant. The total campaign
lasted 6 months but the bulk of the special work of Combined Operations and
the Commandos was concentrated into a few days in early May 1942. [Land] No
19 Aug 42
Nos 3 & 4 Commando with 50 US Rangers, the Canadian 2nd Division. [Sea] 230 ships with 3000 men. [Air] 65 RAF Squadrons
(fighters, fighter/bombers and bombers).
12-13 Sep 42
[Land] 12 Commandos of the Small Scale Raiding
Force (SSRF). [Sea] MTB 344 the Little Pisser under the command of Freddie
15-22 Sep 42
[Land] 2 Captains, 8 other ranks from No 2 Commando & 2 Corporals from
Norwegian Forces attached to SOE. [Sea] Free French Submarine Juno.
08 -12 Nov 42
Full listing of all services on
07 Dec 42
Gironde, France (Frankton)
[Land] 10 Royal Marines - "The Cockleshell
Heroes." [Sea] Sub. HMS Tuna.
11 Jun 43
[Land] Infantry [Sea] ? [Air] ?
10 Jul 43
US 7th Army British 8th Army [Sea] 2760 ships of the RN and US Navy [Air] ?
09 Sep 43
A brief account of the
advance from Sicily to Rome. More detailed accounts of the individual landings listed below will be added in due course.
06 Jun 44
France (Neptune & Overlord)
troops, 5000 ships and 820 aircraft mainly from Canada, UK and the USA.
17 Jun 44
In this account of this French led invasion of Elba the emphasis is on the
role of the RN Commandos (Beach Commandos).
1-8 Nov 44
Infatuate 1[Land] 155th Infantry Brigade - 4th & 5th
Bn. KOSB, 7th/9th Bn The Royal Scots. Infatuate 2 4 Special Services Brigade - 41, 47 & 48 RM Commando with attached No 10
This account covers the landings on the north east coast of
Akyab, Myebon and Kangaw. There were set-piece battles and cat and mouse
manoeuvrings on both sides with danger and death constant companions while on operations. The
Sgt Alexander Pirie, MM, served
in 3 Troop, Royal Marine Engineering
Commandos, whose heroic efforts in clearing
beach obstacles and preparing roadways are, deservedly, well documented.
To be written
1941 Spitzbergen (Gauntlet)
Anzio, Italy (Shingle)
15/08/44 Anvil, France
19/08/44 Southern France
21/01/45 Ramree, Arakan
26/01/45 Cheduba, Arakan
16/02/45 Ruywa, Arakan
Apr 45 Comacchio,
02/05/45 Rangoon. Burma
Sep 1945 Malay Coast (Op Zipper)